Driving for Zero: facts and campaign updates

Key facts

Vision and ill health – I don’t really have a specific ‘ill-health fact’ bar one for sleep apnoea:

  • Road crashes involving a driver with poor vision are estimated to cause 2,900 casualties and cost £33 million in the UK per year [1].
  • Eyesight can decline gradually and unnoticed, with people losing up to 40% of their visual acuity without being aware of deterioration [2].


  • Drivers at 6am are 20 times more likely to fall asleep at the wheel than at 10am [3].
  • About 40% of fatigue-related crashes involve commercial vehicle drivers, often in the largest vehicles on our roads that can cause the most harm in a crash [4].  


  • In 2014, 240 people in Great Britain were killed in crashes where at least one driver was over the drink-drive limit, largely unchanged since 2011 [5].
  • Impairment by illegal or medical drugs was officially recorded as a contributory factor in 62 fatal road crashes and 259 crashes resulting in serious injuries in 2015 in Britain [6].

Driver distraction:

  • Drivers who use phones, either hands-free and hand-held, have been found by researchers to be four times more likely to be in a crash resulting in injuries than drivers not distracted [7].
  • A recent survey by Brake and Direct Line revealed a third of drivers admit to eating at the wheel and one in 10 suffered a near-miss because they were distracted by food while driving [8].

Campaign Updates

Charity welcomes tougher penalties for mobile phone use behind the wheel, 1/3/2017


Return to our driving for zero campaign page or visit our Driving for Zero campaign pages on these themes and more

Alcohol & Drugs 

Phones and devices


Vision and ill health    

End Notes.

[1] Fit to Drive: a cost benefit analysis of more frequent eyesight testing for UK drivers, RSA Insurance Group plc, overview available on the Road Safety Observatory, 2012

[2] Assessment of fitness to drive: a guide for medical professionals, DVLA, 2016

[3] PACTS, Staying awake, staying alive: the problem of fatigue in the transport sector, 2014

[4] Flatley, D. & Rayner, L. et al, Sleep-Related Crashes on Sections of Different Road Types in the UK (1995–2001), 2004

[5] DfT,Reported road casualties in Great Britain: Estimates for accidents involving illegal alcohol levels: 2014 (final) and 2015 (provisional),  2016

[6] Department for Transport, 2016, Reported road casualties in Great Britain 2015, table RAS50001

[7] Role of mobile phones in motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance: a case-crossover study, University of Western Australia, 2005

[8] Eating at the Wheel, Brake and Direct Line Survey, 2016

Tags: Drink-Drive vision road crash drug-drive drug-driving distraction eyesight fatigue tiredness