Vision and ill health – I don’t really have a specific ‘ill-health fact’ bar one for sleep apnoea:
- Road crashes involving a driver with poor vision are estimated to cause 2,900 casualties and cost £33 million in the UK per year .
- Eyesight can decline gradually and unnoticed, with people losing up to 40% of their visual acuity without being aware of deterioration .
- Drivers at 6am are 20 times more likely to fall asleep at the wheel than at 10am .
- About 40% of fatigue-related crashes involve commercial vehicle drivers, often in the largest vehicles on our roads that can cause the most harm in a crash .
- In 2014, 240 people in Great Britain were killed in crashes where at least one driver was over the drink-drive limit, largely unchanged since 2011 .
- Impairment by illegal or medical drugs was officially recorded as a contributory factor in 62 fatal road crashes and 259 crashes resulting in serious injuries in 2015 in Britain .
- Drivers who use phones, either hands-free and hand-held, have been found by researchers to be four times more likely to be in a crash resulting in injuries than drivers not distracted .
- A recent survey by Brake and Direct Line revealed a third of drivers admit to eating at the wheel and one in 10 suffered a near-miss because they were distracted by food while driving .
Return to our driving for zero campaign page or visit our Driving for Zero campaign pages on these themes and more
 Fit to Drive: a cost benefit analysis of more frequent eyesight testing for UK drivers, RSA Insurance Group plc, overview available on the Road Safety Observatory, 2012
 Flatley, D. & Rayner, L. et al, Sleep-Related Crashes on Sections of Different Road Types in the UK (1995–2001), 2004
 Department for Transport, 2016, Reported road casualties in Great Britain 2015, table RAS50001
 Role of mobile phones in motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance: a case-crossover study, University of Western Australia, 2005
 Eating at the Wheel, Brake and Direct Line Survey, 2016