Communication and language development Down arrow icon to open accordion

ELG 01 Listening and attention:

Children listen attentively in a range of situations

They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions

They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity

ELG 02 Understanding:

Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions

They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events

ELG 03 Speaking:

Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs

They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future

They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events

Physical development Down arrow icon to open accordion

ELG 04 Moving and handling:

Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements

They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space

They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing

ELG 05 Health and self-care:

Children know the importance for good health of physical exercise and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe

They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently

Personal, social and emotional development Down arrow icon to open accordion

ELG 06 Self-confidence and self-awareness:

Children are confident about trying new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others

They are confident speaking in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities

They say when they do or do not need help

ELG 07 Managing feelings and behaviour:

Children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable

They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules

They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride

ELG 08 Making relationships:

Children play co-operatively, taking turns with others

They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity

They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children

Literacy Down arrow icon to open accordion

ELG 09 Reading:

Children read and understand simple sentences

They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately

They also read some common irregular words

They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read

ELG 10 Writing:

Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds

They also write some irregular common words

They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible

Mathematics Down arrow icon to open accordion

ELG 11 Numbers:

Children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number

Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract 2 single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer

They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing

ELG 12 Shape, space and measures:

Children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems

They recognise, create and describe patterns

They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them

Understanding of the world Down arrow icon to open accordion

ELG 13 People and communities:

Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members

They know that other children do not always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this

They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions

ELG 14 The world:

Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things

They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another

They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes

ELG 15 Technology:

Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools

They select and use technology for particular purposes

Expressive arts and design Down arrow icon to open accordion

ELG 16 Exploring and using media and materials:

Children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them

They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function

ELG 17 Being imaginative:

Children use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes

They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role-play and stories